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An Hiftorical and Genealogical Magazine 


Pub li/hed by the Editor, Benjamin Myer Brink 

g. », Andevfon *• Son, Prinitrs, W. Strand, Kmgjtem, //. Y. 


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lstp:r County 

SAVINGS Institution 

No. 2.78 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 

Depofits, $3,500,000.00 




No. 273 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 


James A. Betts, Pres Chas. Tappen, Treas 

Myron Teller, ) j.- p Chas. H. DeLaVergne, 
John E. Kraft, f ^^^'-^^^^ Asst Treas. 

J. J. Linson, Counsel 




Vol. VI MAY, 1910 No. 5 


The Hardenbergh, or the "Great " Patent 129 

Governor George Clinton, Twenty-first Paper.... 137 

Colonel McClaghry's Freedmen 143 

The Day Line of One Hundred Years Ago 143 

The Effect of a Patriotic Address 145 

The Settlement of the Town of Hunter 146 

Marriage Notices in Old Kingston Papers. 149 

" Patriots of New Paltz " 151 

The Van Aaken and Allied Fawiilies 151 

May in Kington..,. 158 

Editorial Notes 160 



Book0eUer0 an^ Stationera 


yjlE have .1 few copies of the Dutch Church Records 
(LJLP of Kirigston (baptisms and marriages from 1660 
through 1 8 10) elegantly printed on 807 royal 
quarto pages, with exhaustive index containing rtfer- 
ences to 44,388 names, edited by Chaplain R. R. Hoes, 
U. S. N., and printed by the DeVinne Press. N. Y. But 
few Knickerbocker families can trace their ancestry 
)vithout reference to this volume. 

^ Dr. Gustave Anjou*s Ulster County Probate Rec- 
ords trom 1 665 ; invaluable in tracing ancestry — in tw^ 

We rilso have a large line of Souvenir l^oslai Cards show- 
ing local scenrs, including the Revolutionary Buildings 

Souvenir Spoons, commemorating 250th anniver 
sary of the founding of Kingston. Specially prepared 
by the Gorham Company. 


Vol. VI MAY, 1910 No. 5 

The Hardenber^h, or 
the ''Great'' Patent 

|HIS magazine has frequently com- 
mented upon the propensity to add 
as much romance as possible to the 
striking features of the incidents 
worthy of note in the history of the 
old county. The story of the Har- 
denbergh Patent has not escaped. Here was a great 
region given to a few individuals and within its borders 
many striking events took place. All these, of them- 
selves, are worthy of the pen of a graphic writer. But 
much more has been added to the recital of the story. 
It has been claimed, for instance, that the great 
domain was granted to Johannes Hardenbergh for his 
services with the great Duke of Marlborough in the 
campaign of 1704 which culminated in the memorable 
battle of Blenheim. In evidence thereof it is said that 
he was knighted by Queen Anne and it is claimed that 
his signature thereafter was just his surname " Harden- 


Olde Ulster 

bergh,'' and that the records in the office of the clerk 
of Ulster county show this. 

We will deal with these matters in the reverse 
order. In most of the signatures in the office of the 
county clerk there is a separate letter " J '' before his 
name. In those on which the claim rests the " J " is 
formed from part of the " H " of the surname as a 
monogram. The battle of Blenheim was fought on the 
13th of August, 1704 and the records of both the 
county of Ulster and of the old Dutch church of 
Kingston show him to have been in this county during 
that eventful summer of 1704. More than all, the 
patent was not granted to him, individually, at all. He 
was one of seven men, and it was purchased, first of 
the Indians and then of Queen Anne, through her rep- 
resentative, Lord Cornbury, the governor of the royal 
Province of New York, and the consideration was 
named in the patent. To the seven patentees an 
eighth was added, and in 1749 the great tract was 
divided into " great lots " and each of the partners 
released unto the others the title thereto, reserving to 
himself the title to his own, and taking from them their 
interest therein. So that Johannes Hardenbergh never 
owned more than one-seventh of what was called by 
his name in the "Great Patent," and actually but 

Previous to this year (i749y'several of the proprietors 
had sold their interest and others were dead. In that 
year Robert Livingston owned five-sixteenths; Gulian 
Verplanck three-sixteenths : Johannes Hardenbergh, 
Jr., Charles Brodhead and Abraham Hardenbergh 
together two-sixteenths ; John Wenham two-six- 


The Hardenbergh, or the ''Great'' Patent 

teenths ; the heirs and assigns of Leonard Lewis two- 
sixteenths ; the heirs of Benjamin Faneuil two-six- 
teenths. Most of the patent was surveyed that year 
by Ebenezer Wooster and the bounds were marked by 
monuments along the Delaware and Papakunk rivers. 
The steps in acquiring this great tract were these : 
On the 22nd of March, 1707 Johannes Hardenbergh, 
then a merchant in the Esopus (Kingston), purchased 
of Nanisinos, "an Indian of the Esopus Indians, and 
rightful owner and proprietor of several parts of land 
in the County of Ulster," an immense stretch of land, 
paying therefor the sum of " sixty pounds current 
money of New York." This deed bears the sign of 
the above-named Indian and thus describes the lands 
conveyed : 

"All that track of Land Lying and being in the county 
of Ulster aforesaid, running from certain Hills that lye on 
the south east side of the meadow or low land that lies on 
the fish Creeke River or kil to the north west of Marbletown 
bounds, and all the north west part of the hills and moun- 
tains that range from the blue hills north west Ten miles, 
and streaches north easterly on the brows of sd hills as they 
range to the bound or the County of Albany, and south- 
westerly on the brows of said hills as they range opposite the 
west corner of Marbletown bounds ; and still further south 
westerly with the full breadth from the north west boundaries 
of Rochester, to where the said ten miles end. Running so 
far as to run with a due South east line to a certain fall in 
the rondout called by the Indians hootick, which is the north 
bound of the land called Nepenath, belonging to Jacob Rut- 
sen and Jan Jans Bleecker." 

These bounds were indefinite enough to create 

Olde Ulster 

innumerable disputes. The " Fish Kil " was the name 
applied to the west branch of the Delaware river above 
its junction with the east branch. Did the Indian 
grant reach to the west branch ? Besides, the territory 
between the two branches was claimed as the lands of 
the Oneidas (Olde Ulster, Vol. III., page 324). If 
so an Esopus Indian had no right to it. 

Having obtained his Indian deed Johannes Har- 
denbergh applied to the colonial authorities for con- 
firmation of title. On the 20th day of April, 1708 the 
patent was granted. It was in the name of Queen 
Anne and set forth that 

** Our Loving Subjects Johannes Hardenbergh Leonard 
Lewis Phillip Rokeby William Nottingham Benjamin Faneuil 
Peter Fauconnier & Robt Lurting by their humbly Petition 
Presented ... in Councill have Pray'd our 

Grant & Confirmation of a Certain tract of Vacant and unap- 
propriated Land Scituate in the Countys of Ulster & Albany. 

" Beginning att the Sand Bergh or Hills att ye Northeast 
Corner of the Lands Granted to Ebenezer Wlllson Derick 
Vandenbergh &c at Minisinck so Running all along their line 
Northwesterly as the said Line Runs to the fifish Kill or 
River and so to the head thereof Includeing the same thence 
on a Direct Line to the head of a Certain Small River Com- 
monly known by the Name of Cartwrights kill [Cauterskill] 
and so by the Northerly Side of the said Kil or River to the 
Northermost Bounds of Kingstown on the said Kil or River 
thence by the Bounds of Kingstown Hurley Marbletown 
Rochester and other Patented Lands to the Southward 
thereof to the Sandbergh the place where it first Begun." 

The patent was to be divided into seven equal 
parts and held 


The Hardenbergh, or the *' Great " Patent 

" In free & Comon Soccage as of our Mannor of East 
Greenwich in the County of Kent within our Kingdome of 
England Yielding & Paying therefore unto us our Heirs & 
Successors att our Custom House att New Yorke Yearly & 
every Yeare ... att or upon the ffeast Day 

of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Comonly 
Called Lady Day) the Rent or Sume of three Pounds Cur- 
rant Money of our Province of New York in Liew and Stead 
of all other Rents Services Dues Duties and Demands 

Soon after the grant was made to the seven part- 
ners an eighth interest was by them released to Aug- 
ustine Graham, Surveyor-General of the Province. 
This officer was forbidden to be a party to a land 
grant in the province. But such things could be as 
well arranged in those days as in the present. 

For many years there was a dispute as to the 
western bound of the great patent. When the Rev- 
olutionary War had brought peace it was found that 
the monuments erected by Wooster had disappeared. 
An act was passed by the legislature March 29th, 
1790 appointing Charles Tappen and James Cockburn 
commissioners to make a survey of certain lines and 
properly mark the same by stone heaps every two 
miles. The patent was divided into great tracts, num- 
bered from I to 42. 

An interesting story can be told of the lettings and 
holdings of farms and other lands of the great Har- 
denbergh Patent. They were held under long leases 
and subject to a rental not very large. In 1844 the 
settlers refused to pay the annual rent any longer. 
They called upon the Legislature for aid, as well as 


Olde Ulster 

appealed to the courts. In 1845 associations were 
formed to prevent the collection of rent. When the 
sheriff attempted to make a levy or to sell property 
for rent, men, disguised as Indians, appeared to pre- 
vent such sale. An act was passed that year making 
such prevention unlawful. In August of that year the 
sheriff of Delaware county went to the town of Andes 
to sell such property for the payment of rent. Here 
he found one hundred and seventy-six men, thus dis- 
guised, who told him to do his duty and they would 
protect him, but added, "let bidders beware." The 
deputy sheriffs rode into the midst of the disguised 
men and fired their revolvers. The disguised men 
gave way but fired at the horses of the deputies and 
deputy-sheriff Osman N. Steele was mortally wounded. 
About ninety persons were indicted for murder, of 
whom one-third were arrested. A proclamation was 
issued by Governor Wright declaring the county in a 
state of insurrection and placing it under martial law. 
Two men were convicted and sentenced to be executed. 
Governor Wright commuted their sentence to impris- 
onment for life. They were afterwards pardoned by 
Governor Young. After four months the ban of mar- 
tial law was removed. The killing of Steele led to an 
abandonment of secret organizations and Indian cos- 
tumes. It is said that the legal expenses amounted to 
about $65,000. 

Aside from the troubles occasioned by the non- 
payment of rent on lands in the present county of Del- 
aware, in the years named, like troubles arose within 
the bounds of the present county of Ulster on the same 
Hardenbergh Patent at Little Shandaken. There were 


The Hardenbergh, or the " Great '^ Patent 

men disguised, there was firing of guns, there was 
opposition to the payment of rent, there were arrests 
and trials. No h'ves were lost ; eight disguised men 
were arrested and tried and nominal fines were 
imposed. Legislation was subsequently enacted by 
which title could be secured to property held under 
long leases, the troubles blew over and are almost for- 
gotten at this day. The name of Hardenbergh Patent 
survives. Not as much can be said of a Hardenbergh 
interest therein. Great stretches of mountain land 
are still held by landlords, but this great patent never 
profited greatly the original owners. 

It was truly a royal domain. While it lay, when 
granted, almost entirely within the bounds of Ulster 
county, as originally constituted, the changes wrought 
by the erection of new counties leave not much more 
than one-third of the area of the patent within the Uls- 
ter county of to-day. One-half of Delaware county 
lies in the great grant, about one-half of Greene and a 
large extent of Sullivan. While many square miles 
were mountains and rock hills, while hundreds of acres 
were morasses, while thousands of lots which show 
upon the maps are to-day in the condition in which 
they were two hundred years ago there were fertile 
valleys and hillsides awaiting cultivation to produce 
bountiful harvests. From the hemlocks covering the 
mountain sides millions of dollars in leather have been 
produced ; from the quarries of bluestone fortunes 
have been made. The region to-day is the great sum- 
mering resort for tens of thousands of the dwellers in 
the cities on the Atlantic and the many millions of 
inhabitants of the great City of New York are pre- 


Olde Ulster 

paring to draw their water supply from the streams in 
its valleys. 

The late author of '' Ruttenber's Indian Geograph- 
ical Names " used to contend that the name Kaaters- 
kill (Katerskill, Cauterskill) was not derived from the 
word of the Dutch language meaning " he cat." He 
insisted that it was from Katarakt, the Dutch word for 
waterfall or cataract. In view of the many and 
beautiful waterfalls on this mountain stream, it seems 
very appropriate. It is a fact that the early Indian 
deeds of the region have it either " Cartwright's kil," as 
does the above deed of Nanisinos, or " Katarakts kil.*' 

There is an interesting matter connected with the 
Hardenbergh Patent and Chancellor Robert R. Liv- 
ingston. In process of time the Livingston family 
came to own a great part of the patent. Upon the 
burning of Kingston by the British general Vaughan 
and the great loss to so many of its inhabitants, Chan- 
cellor Livingston offered five thousand acres to the 
sufferers among the people of Kingston as a gift, pro. 
vided that they be located outside of settlements upon 
the patent. A meeting was appointed for April 15th, 
1779 when the Kingston trustees directed William 
Cockburn, the surveyor, to attend with his maps of the 
patent. After consultation with Surveyor Cockburn 
Peter Du Mont, Jr. and Peter Hynpagh a tract of land 
was selected near Paghatackan (Arkville) on the west 
side of the East Branch ot the Delaware river in Great 
Lots Nos. 39 and 40. The tract was divided into fifty- 
acre lots and arranged into ten classes of ten lots each. 
This tract was named ''New Kingston," and bears 
that name to this day. 


Governor ^ ^ ^ ^ 

George Clinton 

Twenty-First Paper 

TTENTION has been frequently called 
in this series of papers to the debt 
the American people in general, and 
the State of New York in particular, 
owe to Governor Clinton for the 
financial assistance he rendered the 
cause of the patriots during the long Revolutionary 
struggle when neither the Continental Congress nor 
the Legislature of the State of New York was able to 
secure the necessary money to carry on the operations. 
With the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and the pros- 
pect of an early recognition of the independence of 
the United States Governor Clinton felt himself jus- 
tified in calling to the notice of Congress the debt due 
him. Accordingly he wrote upon December 3rd, 1781 
to one of the representatives of the State in Congress, 
William Floyd, who will be remembered as one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence, and 
directed attention to the fact that as far back as 1776, 
when the American army lay at Kingsbridge, Com- 
missary Trumbull had requested him to secure for the 
army five thousand bushels of wheat. The " military 
chest was exhausted " and Clinton had paid the bill 


Olde Ulster 

from his private means. Some time thereafter a part 
had been re-paid in depreciated currency. The rest 
had never been reimbursed Clinton. There was still 
due him over one thousand pounds. 

With the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown on 
October 19th, 1781 the war was over. Not that there 
were no other bloody affairs, not that peace had come 
permanently. But both in America and Europe it was 
recognized that the independence of the American 
states had been secured and Great Britain had been 
compelled to acknowledge it. On September 3rd, 
1783 the final Treaty of Peace was signed. During 
the summer of 1782 Savannah had been evacuated by 
the British, in December of that year Charleston saw 
the enemy depart, leaving New York alone in posses- 
sion of the forces of King George. Yet this made the 
disbanding of the patriot army impossible so long as 
British troops were at the mouth of the Hudson, and 
the impoverished and impatient army of Washington 
at Newburgh watched Sir Guy Carleton, the British 
commander, during the weary months of the summer 
and fall of 1782. In the issue of January, 1910 (Vol. 
VI., pages i-ii)this magazine showed the effects of 
the idleness upon the weary, half-fed and impoverished 
patriot army. 

The occupation of the City of New York by the 
enemy had nearly ruined the city. Its public build- 
ings had been used for army purposes, its fences, 
sheds and abandoned houses torn down to supply fuel 
to the troops and its commerce, aside from the sup- 
ply of the British army, departed. It was necessary 
that the departure of the British authority be succeed- 


Governor George Clinton 

ed by an immediate possession by the forces of the 
Americans. So on April 8th, 1783 Governor Clinton 
detailed Egbert Benson to wait upon Sir Guy Carle- 
ton, the British commander, and ask that arrangements 
be made for a convention for the " speedy obtaining 
possession of the Southern District of this State." 
Carleton was not disposed to enter into such a con- 
vention at that time. Benson thus reported to Clinton 
and that Carleton seemed to be attempting to delay 
matters. On the 6th of the following May a confer- 
ence was held at Orangetown, Rockland county, New 
York in which the participants were General Washing- 
ton, Governor George Clinton, Egbert Benson, John 
Morin Scott, Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. and Sir Guy 
Carleton. The last named expressed himself willing 
to withdraw his troops from Westchester county but 
not from Long Island until transports arrived sufficient 
to carry away all the British troops. He would agree 
to evacuate every other post in the United States. 
On the 13th Carleton notified Governor Clinton that 
Westchester county had been cleared of such troops 
that day and that he should " relinquish the whole 
with all possible speed." On the 15th Clinton directed 
Chief Justice Morris to repair to Westchester county 
with all possible dispatch, and take " the most effect, 
ual measures for reducing to order & good government 
a country which has been for so long a time without 

Considerable friction arose between the patriot 
authorities and the British commander over the banish, 
ment of the Tories or loyalists, and the confiscation of 
their estates. The bitterness that had been increasing 


Olde Ulster 

with the years of the long war had thus culminated. 
It seems to have been necessary. But Americans of 
the twentieth century deplore it. It certainly worked 
great and cruel hardship. In nothing have times 
changed more than in the treatment of those who have 
differed in civil matters and held views antagonistic to 
the majority and to prevailing sentiment in the nation 
or the neighborhood. 

In September, 1783 Governor Clinton was prostra- 
ted with a fever. It was in the midst of a sharp cor- 
respondence with Carleton. Not being able to attend 
to the matter himself the governor forwarded copies 
of the correspondence to Congress. But by the mid- 
dle of October matters had reached a favorable settle- 
ment. Clinton had recovered from his illness ; Wash- 
ington had written him of his concern for the speedy 
recovery of the governor ; the probabilities were that 
Carleton would sail by November loth and winter find 
the country clear of the presence of an enemy. Thus 
Clinton replied to Washington's expressions of con- 
cern for his health. 

On the I2th of November Carleton notified Gov- 
ernor Clinton that the 22nd of November would see 
the withdrawal of his troops. Washington had a con- 
ference with Clinton on the 14th in regard to occupa- 
tion by the Americans, and on the next day the 
governor issued a proclamation giving notice thereof. 
A copy was sent to Carleton. But a rain set in on the 
morning of the 22nd and continued until next day. 
The withdrawal was then postponed until the 25th. 
Carleton had notified Washington that he had discov- 
ered a plot to plunder the town upon the withdrawal 
of the British and sent the same information to Gov- 

Governor George Clinton 

ernor Clinton. This was guarded against by the 
advance of the patriot army as that of the British 
retired. The happy procession of citizens, after the 
troops had taken possession, was led by General 
Washington and Governor Clinton and their suites on 
horseback, side by side. Passing down Broadway to 
Fraunce's Tavern Governor Clinton gave at that never- 
to-be-forgotten hostelry a dinner to the Commander-in 
Chief and the other general ofificers which was long 
remembered, but which has been confounded in mem- 
ory with the much more famous one at the same place 
on the 4th of December when Washington bade fare- 
well to the of^cers of the army. Addresses were pre- 
sented on the former occasion to both of these com- 
manders. To Washington was presented an " Address 
of the Citizens of New York who have returned from Ex" 
ile, in behalf of themselves and their SufferingBrethren." 
To Clinton from " The Fire Engineers of the several 
Fire Engines, and Companies belonging to the same." 
This magazine (Vol. I., pages 277 and 278) told the 
story of the nailing of the British colors to the flagpole, 
which had been greased, before the last soldier 
departed. It told of the successful raising of the 
American flag by John Van Arsdale, one of the patriot 
soldiers and an Ulster county man. It was one of the 
incidents of the day longest remembered in connection 
with the coming into their own of the patriots. 

With the final close of the war the military career of 
Governor Clinton practically ended. If these papers 
should be continued they will deal with the civil 
administration of the governor during his long occu- 
pancy of the executive chair in bringing to a success- 
ful adjustment the complicated affairs of a new state. 

Olde Ulster 


The Day Line of One Hundred Years Ago 


The April number of Olde Ulster, pages 1 16 and 
117, gave the substance of the will of Colonel Mc- 
Claghry manumitting his slaves and providing for their 
future. It is worth while noting in this connection 
that these freednien located at a place called " Honey- 
Pot," in the centre of the town of Wallkill, Orange 
county, and maintained themselves not only, but 
prospered in a worldly point of view. They were 
greatly respected by their white neighbors. Succeed- 
ing generations did not do as well as the freed men 
and women. At the present time few of the descend- 
ants of the manumitted slaves live in the settlement* 


Through the courtesy of William C. Hart, secretary 
of the Wallkill Valley Publishing Association, we 
present this month a re-production of an old painting 
discovered in Dutchess county, New York by a repre- 
sentative of the Hudson River Day line. It was taken 
from " The Evolution of a Hundred Years," issued by 
F. B. Hibbard, General Passenger Agent of that line. 
It is entitled "The Albany Day Line One Hundred 
Years Ago at one of its relay stations, while passing 
through the Hudson River Valley in a terrific Snow 

Robert Fulton's successful steamboat, the Clermont^ 
made its celebrated trip from New York to Albany 


Olde Ulster 

August 17th, 1807. It revolutionized travel and 
transportation. We present herewith the advertise- 
ment of the Albany Day Line of one year and eight 
months preceding that famous voyage. It is copied 
from the Plebeian, a weekly paper published in Kings- 
ton, New York, at that time and still published in that 
city under the present name of the Kingston Argus. 
The advertisement is from the issue of Friday, May 
16, 1806: 

JV*. York S- Mhany Mail-Stage 

WILL start from this town for New-York 
and Albany EVERY DAY at four o'- 
clock in the morning. Seats may be engaged for 
either place at the house of Chester Clark, 
from which place the stages start. The Proprie- 
tors of this line return their thanks for the liberal 
support they have received, and flatter themselves 
that the arrangements they have lately made to 
accommodate the public, and the certainty of the 
conveyance, will ensure to them a continuance of 
the public patronage. 

Kingston, Januaiy, 1806. 33 

The route from Kingston to Albany was the Old 
Kings Road. This was from Kingston north along 
the present Saugerties Road through Fox Hall to the 
ford of the Esopus at Katrine at the mouth of the 
Sawkill. Thence along the west side of the Esopus 
creek through Plattekill, Katsbaan, Leeds (Old Cats- 
kill) and Coxsackie to Albany. From Kingston south 
the stages proceeded through Rosendale and New 
Paltz up the Wallkill and by the way of Goshen to 
New York City. 


The Effect of a Patriotic Address 


The success of the cause of the patriots in the 
efforts to secure liberty and independence during the 
long War of the Revolution was due to a remarkable 
degree to the patriotic ministers of the gospel,^of that 
day. This mag^azine has often spoken of the patriot" 
ism of Domines Doll, De Ronde and Schuneman. 
Eager's " History of Orange County, New York," tells 
the story of the patriotic address of the Reverend 
Robert Annan, pastor of the Associate Reformed 
Church of Little Britain, which was then in Ulster 
county, and its remarkable result, in the following 
paragraph : 

" In the fall of 1775, the people of Boston, by reason of 
the great scarcity of supplies and provisions, applied to our 
State for aid, and accordingly a public meeting was called 
and convened in the town of Hanover (now Montgomery). 
In the meantime, the friends of the mother country, always 
on the alert, had procured the services of a talented orator, 
for the purpose of defeating the objects of the meeting. As 
no one could be found among the adherents of the cause of 
liberty who was able to speak in public, recourse was had to 
Mr. Annan, who at first declined, but at length consented. 
A multitude were assembled on the occasion, to hear a dis- 
cussion upon a subject which was then the absorbing topic 
of the day. The discussion was conducted for some time 
with fairness and ability on either side, until at length, to 
check the strife of angry words, and to test the disposition 
of the assembly, Mr. Annan suddenly said, * as many as are 
in favor of assisting the people of Boston and the cause of 
liberty, follow me. ' The effect was electric ; immediately 
upon his leaving the house he beheld, to his utter astonish- 
ment, the whole multitude at his heels." 

OLde Ulster 


The highest peaks of the eastern Catskills He within 
the limits of the town of Hunter, now in Greene 
county, New York. Within this town is the old and 
celebrated "Catskill Mountain House," built one hun- 
dred years ago upon a precipice overlooking the Hud- 
son river, the great " Hotel Kaaterskill," and the 
famous falls of the Katerskill (see page 136 of this 
issue upon the name). 

The town was part of Ulster county, originally. It 
was set off from the town of Windham as the town of 
Greenland, January 27, 1813. Its present name was 
given it April 15, 18 14, when a part of its territory was 
added to the town of Saugerties. Part of the town of 
Jewett was taken off in 1849. The town received the 
name of Hunter from John Hunter, who was an early 
proprietor of a part of the great Hardenbergh Patent. 
The town is said to have received its earliest settlers 
in a peculiar way. Students of American history 
know of the neighborhood bitterness and conflict 
raging in Westchester county, New York, during the 
Revolution. It was neutral ground. It lay between 
the American and British lines and was ravaged by 
troops from both armies. Among those denounced as 
"suspected persons" and whose names are to be found 
in the volume " New York in the Revolution, Supple- 
ment," is that of Samuel Hains, and his name appears 
among the British prisoners of war. And among those 
whose estates were confiscated appear those of John 
Haines and Elijah Haines. These men disappeared 


The Settlement of the To7vn of Hunter 

from Westchester county, where they had been 
denounced as "cowboys," and their whereabouts were 
not known. It seemed that they had tired of their 
un[)opularity with their neighbors and quietly left. 
They made their way through Ulster county and up 
the valley of the Esopus to Mink Hollow and thence 
over the mountains. They reached the valley of the 
Schoharie in the vicinity of the present village of Tan- 
nersville and settled in the bottom lands, then far from 
civilization. About the close of the war some Dutch 
settlers of Ulster county, while hunting bears, came 
upon their settlement. To it were soon added a num- 
ber of families from Massachusetts. Those who have 
read of the affair known as " Shay's rebellion." in 
Massachusetts, whereby a number of patriot soldiers, 
who were in want because the arrearages of their pay 
had made them so, joined with Captain Daniel Shay in 
an effort to force the authorities to give them what 
they claimed to be their own, will remember that upon 
the overthrow of the insurrection, Shay and many of 
his followers fled to Schoharie county, New York. He 
afterward went to Sparta, Livingston county, in this 
State, where he died and was buried. The followers 
of Shay who came with him to Schoharie threaded 
their way up the Schoharie creek to the vicinity of 
Hunter. Here they, too, found the Westchester 
county refugees. Within this peaceful valley all were 
willing to live a life of harmony after the long and 
strenuous conflict, which had resulted in the inde- 
pendence of their country. 

The next two generations cleared most of the for- 
est lands for the bark of the hemlocks for tanning. 


Olde Ulster 

Then this town became the centre of the Catskill 
mountain summer-boarding region. Tannersville, 
almost deserted during the remainder of the year, 
overflows with the business of June, July, August and 
September. The first settlers had sought this valley 
as their conception of the farthest retreat from the 
haunts of men. This was little more than one hundred 
years ago. To-day Hunter, Haines' Falls, Tannersville 
and Kaaterskill are known throughout the country and 
far outside its bounds as one of the most popular and 
delightful retreats from the heat, noise and distraction 
of the great cities of the Atlantic coast. Within the 
bounds of the town are a nuinber of " parks," such as 
Onteora, Twilight, Elka, Santa Cruz and others, where 
the beautiful in nature has been developed by art, 
until no more charming spots are to be found in 

The erection of the Catskill Mountain House, a 
century ago, led to this part of the Catskills artists, 
literary men and women and thousands of the lovers 
of beauty and sublimity. The falls of the " Cauters- 
kill " were immortalized by Bryant in a poem ; Cooper 
did the same with the rock on which the Catskill 
Mountain House was built and Cole, the painter, set 
forth with his brush many of the scenes of beauty. 
Thus when the Catskills were mentioned that part 
which Hunter includes became, to a large extent, the 
part meant by those who described. It is within the 
last forty years that other, and less widely known sec- 
tions, have come into their own. Nevertheless, the 
Catskills of the town of Hunter will continue to attract 
by the charm that is forever theirs. 


Marriage Notices in Old Kingston Papers 


From the Plebeian of December, 6, 1814 : 
In Kingston Mr. Joseph Clawater to Helena Cham- 
bers, all of Marbletown, 

From Plebeian of December 13, 1814: 
Last evening by the Rev. John Gosman the Rev. 
Peter Sylvester Wynkoop, pastor of the Reformed 
Dutch church of Cattskill, to Miss Margaret W. Gos- 
man, youngest daughter of Mr. Robt. Gosman of this 

Sunday evening by the Rev. John H. Carle, Mr. 
Levi Benton to Miss Ann Traver McGinnis of Mar- 

On Thursday evening last by Andres Roosa, Esq., 
Mr. Levi Roosa, Jr., to Miss Catherine Dawaal, both of 

On Thursday last, at New York, by the Rev. Dr. 
John B. Romeyn, Samuel Sherwood, Esq., of Delhi, 
Delaware county, N. Y., to Miss Lavia Bostwick of 

From Plebeian of December 20, 1814 : 

At Schenectady, by the Rev. Mr. Sebbin the 

Rev. James Murphy, pastor of the Reformed Dutch 

Church, of Rochester, Ulster county. New York and 

Miss Catherine Kingsley of the first mentioned place. 


Olde Ulster 

From Plebeian of June 27, 181 5 : 
On Tuesday last, by the Rev. Mr. Bronson, Mr. 
Stephen Wiest to Miss Rachel Freer, both of Esopus 

From The Craftsman of March 29, 1820 : 
On Wednesday March 29, 1820 by the Rev. John 
Gosman, Mr. William Tremper to Miss Gertrude Can- 
tine, both of this town. 

On Wednesday, May 17, 1820, by the Rev. Peter 
A. Overbagh, in Kingston, Mr. John DuBois of Saug- 
erties to Miss Ann Whitaker, of the town of Kingston. 

On Wednesday May 17, 1820, Mr. Thomas Davis 
to Mrs. Sally Van Leuven, widow of Peter A. Van 
Leuven, deceased. 

At Kingston, May 17, 1820, Mr. James Burhans to 
Miss Margaret Burhans, both of Flatbush, town of 

At Kingston May 17, 1820, by the Rev. William 
R. Bogardus, Mr. David Hutchings to Miss Sally Low, 
both of Esopus. 

From Craftsman of May 31, 1820: 

At Kingston, on Wednesday May 31, 1820, by the 
Rev. John Gosman, Mr. Lucas Elmendorf, Jr., of Hur- 
ley, to Miss Hannah Thompson of Rhode Island. 

At Woodstock May 31, 1820, by the Rev. Peter A. 
Overbagh, Mr. William B. Sheldon, of New Milford, 
Conn., to Miss Ann Bonesteel of Woodstock. 

The VanAaken and Allied Families 


You, who feel disposed to alleviate your brethren in arms 
who have been detached from the 92nd Regiment, are 
requested to meet at the house of Sam' Budd, Innkeeper, in 
said town, on Friday the 30th inst at 3 o'clock P. M. 
Jacob I. Hasbrouck Josiah DuBois 

(From the Plebeian September 27, 1820). 


Continued from Vol. VI, page 124 

(DCCXLII.) Elizabeth Van AKEN^Qohn Win- 
field^, Jacobs, Benjamin^ Jan^, Peter^, Marinusi) mar- 
ried Martin Van Wagenen. Children : 

(825) James Wesley Van WagenenS: Born ; mar- 

ried Amelia Riggens and had issue Lester Van 
Wagenen ; Eva Van Wagenen. 

(826) Leona Van Wagenen^ : Born ; married 

Charles Terpenning. Issue one son. 

(827) iVIartha Jane Van Wagenen^ : Born ; mar- 

ried James C. Van Vliet. Issue Arvetha Elisa- 
beth Van Vliet : Martin Van Wagenen Van 

Note. — An error occurred on page gi of Vol. VI (March, 
igio) in which Charlotte Van Aken (723) is given as the 
child of Titus Osterhoudt and Mary Van Aken (722). She 
was sister of Mary Van Aken and John L. Van Aken (721); 
aHd daughter of Benjamin I. Van Aken. The error is 
repeated in the April, igio issue of this magazine, in the 
footnote to page 117. 


Olde Ulster 

(828) Elsie Van WagenenS : Born ; died Aug. 9, 


(DCCXLV.) William Henry Van Aken' (Solo- 
mon T.6, Jacobs, Benjamin^, Jan^, Peter^, Marinus^) 
married Leah Deyo. Children : 

(829) Catherine Jane^ : Born ; married George 


(830) Martha Ann^ : Born . 

(831) Charles William^ : Born ; married Mattie 


(832) Albert S.s : Born . 

(833) Emma^: Born . 

(834) Jessie ReliaS: Born . 

(835) Cornelia S.8: Born ; died Jan. 3, 1887. 

(836) George William^ : Born . 

(DCCXLVIII.) Fannie E. Van Aken? (Solomon 
T.6, Jacobs Benjamin^, Jan3, Peter^, Marinus^) married 
Samuel J. Tanner. Child : 

(837) Charles H. TannerS : Born . 

(DCCXLIX.) Arelia Van Aken^ (Solomon T.e, 
Jacob^. Benjamin^, Jan3, Peter^, Marinusi) married 
William Swartout. Child : 

(838) George Swartouts; Born 

(DCCLXV.) Eliza Maria Van Aken' (Peter 
Myer^, Ephraim^, Abraham^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinusi) 
was born May 4, 1826 and died March 7, 1867. She 
married John L. Hutchings who was born August 
7, 1828 and died September 26, 1894. Children : 

(839) Kate Ann Hutchings^: Born ; married 

Alonzo Houghtaling and had issue Ada Hough- 

The VanAaken and Allied Families 

taling ; Lester Houghtaling, who died ; Clara 
Houghtaling ; Edward McKenzie Houghtaling ; 
Inez A. Houghtaling and Ruth M. Houghtaling. 

(840) Ezra Hutchings^: Born ; married Louise 

Crawford and had issue Maria Louise Hutch- 
ings ; Bessie Hutchings and John Lyman 

(841) Angle HutchingsS; Born . 

(842) Martha Hutchings^ : Born ; married Elmer 


(843) Elvin Hutchings^: Born . 

(DCCLXVL) Henry Van Aken^ (Peter MyerS. 
EphraimS, Abraham^, Gideon3, Peter2, Marinusi) was 
born in Esopus ; married MaryShuler. Children : 

(844) Anna MayS Born . 

(845) Mary Augusta^ : Born ; died . 

(846) Bessie Abelles : Born ; died . 

(847) Frances Leahs : Born . 

(848) EttaLenaS: Born . 

(849) Harry Herbert^ : Born . 

(DCCLXIX.) Ezra Van Aken? (Peter MyerS, 
Ephraim^, Abraham*, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinus^) was 

born in Esopus ; married GERTRUDE Elting. 

Children ; 

(850) Peter MyerS: Born ; married Lydia Sexton, 

(851) BurdetteT.8: Born . 

(852) Elting FreerS; Born ; married Glennie M. 

Pine, a daughter of Thomas J. Pine and Har- 
riet Van Dalyn and grand-daughter of Henry 
Van Dalyn and Hannah Van Nostrand^ (Jacob 


Olde Ulster 

V.5, Casparus^, Jacob^, Jacobs Jacob Jansen 
Van Nostrandi). 

(DCCLXX.) Catherine Ann Van Aken' (Peter 
Myer6, EphraimS, Abrahanr*, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinusi) 

was born in Esopus ; married Edward S. Abell. 

He died May i8, 1893. Children : 

(853) Harry Abells : Born . 

(854) Lintha Abell^ : Born ; married Chester 


(DCCLXXI.) Sarah Jane Van Aken? (Peter 
Myer6, EphraimS, Abraham^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinusi) 

was born in Esopus ; died November 3, 1883. 

She married Andrew Townsend, who was born ; 

died November , 1897, Children: 

(855) Peter M. Van Aken Townsend^ ; Born ; 

died . 

(856) Annie Cora Townsends : Born ; died . 

(857) Arthur Townsend^: Born ; married Mag- 

gie Wells and had issue Sarah Beulah Town- 

(858) Herbert G. Townsends : Born . 

(859) Minnie May Townsend^ : Born . 

(DCCLXXni.) Eliphas Van Aken' (Marinuse, 
EphraimS, Abraham GA Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) was 
born in Esopus . He married Helen ELLS- 
WORTH, who was born ; died June 27, 1890. 

Children : 

(860) Marinus«: Born ; died (Jet. 31, 1861. 

(861) Sylvanus^: Born ; married Mary E. Ronk, 

daughter of Frederick Ronk and Lydia Hum- 


Thf VanAaken and Allied Families 

phrey and grand-daughter of Jeremiah Ronk 
and Wyntje Van Ostrand^ (Frederick Freling- 
huysenS, Casparus^, Jacob^, Jacob^, Jacob 

(862) Mary Loretta^ : Born . 

(863) Juh'a Ann8 : Born . 

(DCCLXXIV.) Abraham Van Aken' (Marinus^, 
Ephraim^, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) 
was born in Esopus ; married Rachel CATHE- 
RINE Cole, daughter of Henry Cole and Delilah Ter- 
penning, and grand-daughter of Solomon Terpenning 
and Rachel Winfields (John'*, John^, John2, Richardi). 
Children : 

(864) HenryS : Born ; married Breggie Concklin. 

(865) Lizzie^ : Born ; married William F. Freer. 

(DCCLXXV.) Margaret Ann Van Aken' 
(Marinus^, Ephraim^, Abraham G.^ Gideon^, Peter^, 

Marinusi) was born in Esopus ; died July 8, 1893. 

She married Nelson Terpenning. Children : 

(866) Syntha Jane Terpenning^ : Born ; died . 

(867) William Terpenning^ : Born ; married Alma 


(868) Andros Terpenning^: Born ; married Jane 

E. Ames and had issue Gracie Ann Terpenning ; 
Grover Cleveland Terpenning and Harry Ter- 

(869) Mary Elizabeth Terpenning^ : Born ; died. 

(DCCLXXVn.) Mary Jane Van Aken^ (Mari- 
nus6, EphraimS, Abraham G.^ Gideon^, Peter^, Mari- 


Olde Ulster 

nusi) was born in Esopus and died September 7, 

1892. She married Aaron Le Fevre. Children: 

(870) Esther Jane Le Fevre^ : Born . 

(871) Chester Aaron Le FevreS: Born ; died . 

(872) Marinus DeWitt LeFevreS; Born . 

(873) Vinal LeFevreS: Born . 

(DCCLXXX.) LiVERIUS Van AKEN7(Ephraim6, 
Ephraims, Abraham GA Gideon3, Peter2, Marin us^) was 
born in Esopus March 14, 1832 and died May 27, 1897. 
He was a prominent farmer of the town of Esopns. 
He was born on the same farm in Ulster Park, upon 
which both his father and grand-father were born. He 
married Phoebe Ann Townsend. Children : 

(874) George^ : Born ; married Selena Terpen- 

ning, daughter of Seeley Terpenning and 
Helen Van Aken. 

(875) Edwin^: Born ; married Carrie B. Hough- 


(DCCLXXXL) James E. Van AKEN7(Ephraim6, 
Ephraims, Abraham G.'*, Gideon^ Peter^ Marinusi) 

was born in Esopus . He married Sarah A. 

Freer, daughter of Garret L Freer. She was born 

died May 5, 1893. Children: 

(876) LorettaS; Born . 

(877) Elizabeths: Born ; married Millard F. Ells- 


(DCCLXXXIL) Elisabeth Sarah Van Aken^ 
(Ephraim^, Ephraim^. Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter2, 
Marinus^) was born in Esopus and married OLI- 
VER J. Terpenning, son of John S. Terpenning and 

The VanAaken and Allied Families 

grandson of Solomon Terpenning and Rachel Win- 
fields (John4, John^, John2, Richardi). Children : 

(878) Alva Terpenning 8; Born ; married Lucy 

Ellsworth and had issue James Elbert Ter- 
penning and Harriet May Terpenning. 

(879) Eliza Helen Terpenning^ : Born ; married 

William Ellsworth and had issue Eliza Ann 
Ellsworth, William Lester Ellsworth and Beu- 
lah May Ellsworth. 

(DCCLXXXIIl.) Ephraim L. Van Aken' (Levis, 
EphraimS, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) was 
born in Esopus and married Sally Ann Ackerman. 
Children : 

(880) Jesse A.8 : Born ; married Carrie B. Kisi. 

(881) Etta Jane^: Born ; married John Corbett. 

(882) Sylvanus T.^ : Born ; married Lizzie Van 


(883) WillieS; Born ; died. 

(DCCLXXXIV.) Theron Van Aken' (Levi^, 
Ephraim^, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) 
born ; married CHARLOTTE ACKERMAN, daugh- 
ter of David Ackerman. Children : 

(884) Lorrine Perine^: Born ; died . 

(885) Arthur Levis : Born ; died . 

(886) Angle CoraS: Born . 

(887) Melissa AgnesS : Born . 

Leslie B.^ : Born ; died . 

(DCCCIV.) Jesse Van Aken' (Isaac D.e, Jaco- 
bus5, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^ (was 


Olde Ulster 

born and married Margaret Ann Van Wage- 

NEN. Children : 

(889) LillieS: Born ; died . 

(890) EmmaS : Born ; married Clarence Benton. 

(891) George^ : Born ; married Jessie Young. 

(DCCCIII.) Eliza Helen Van Aken' (Isaac D.e, 
Jacobus^, Abraham G.'*, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinusi) was 
born ; married Seelah Terpenning. Children : 

(892) Selena TerpenningS; Born ; married George 

Van Aken. 

(893) George H. Terpenning^: Born . 

(894) Israel B, Terpenning S; Born . 

(895) Anna V. TerpenningS : Born . 

(DCCCV.) Alfred Van Aken^ (Isaac D.e, Jaco- 
busS, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) was 
born , and married Almira Bedford. Children : 

(896) Ann Etta^ : Born ; married Charles Schoon- 


(897) Clarence^: Born ; married Sarah Eckert. 

To be continued 

Our old colonial town is new with May : 

The loving trees that clasp across the streets, 

Grow greener sleeved with bursting buds each day. 
Still this year's May the last year's May repeats; 

Even the old stone houses half renew 

Their youth and beauty, as the old trees do. 

May in Kingston 

High over all, like some divine desire 
Above our lower thoughts of daily care, 

The gray, religious, heaven-touching spire 
Adds to the quiet of the spring-time air; 

And over roofs the birds create a sea, 

That has no shore, of their May melody. 

Down through the lowlands now of lightest green, 
The undecided creek winds on its way. 

There the lithe willow bends with graceful mien. 
And sees its likeness in the depths all day; 

While in the orchards, flushed with May's warm light, 

The bride-like fruit-trees dwell, attired in white. 

But yonder loom the mountains old and grand, 
That off, along dim distance, reach afar. 

And high and vast, against the sunset stand, 
A dreamy range, long and irregular — 

A caravan that never passes by. 

Whose camel-backs are laden with the sky. 

So like a caravan, our outlived years 

Loom on the introspective landscape seen 

Within the heart : and now, when May appears, 
And earth renews its vernal bloom and green, 

We but renew our longing, and we say; 

Oh, would that life might ever be all May ! 

"Would that the bloom of youth that is so brief, 

The bloom, the May, the fullness ripe and fair 
Of cheek and Hmb, might fade not as the leaf; 

Would that the heart might not grow old with care, 
Nor love turn bitter, nor fond hope decay; 
But soul and body lead a life of May ! " 

Henry Abbey 




Publifhed Monthly, in the City of 
Kingfton, New York, by 

Terms : — Three dollars a year in A dvance. Single 
Copies, twenty-five cents 

Entered as second class matter at the post office at Kingston, N. Y. 

The Issue of this Magazine for December, 1905 
contained the story of the expedition of Captain Mar- 
tin Cregier up the valley of the Rondout to " old fort," 
in pursuit of the captive women and children taken at 
the massacre of June 7th, 1663 at Wildwyck (Kings- 
ton) and the Nieuw Dorp (Hurley). It gave the iden- 
tification of the Rev. Charles Scott, D.D. ot the site 
of the old fort at Kerhonkson as on Shurker Hill, near 
the line between the present towns of Rochester and 
Wawarsing. This site has never received acceptance 
by many students as that of the spot where " old fort " 
stood, while that of "new fort" at Shawangunk has 
been accepted. The late Edward M. Ruttenber 
always insisted that the old fort stood on Indian Hill 
at the village of Wawarsing. The editor of Olde 
Ulster had contemplated a visit with him to this site 
to examine whether it met the conditions of Cregier's 
journal. The death of Mr. Ruttenber prevented it. 
The Bureau of American Ethnology of the Smith- 
sonian Institution would do well to scientifically 
explore the Indian remains on this hill. 


Teacher of the Violin 

A graduate of the Ithaca Conservatory of Music , 

studied with pupils of Dr. Joachhim and Ysaye ; 

now studying at the Metropolitan College of Music, 

New York City, with Herwegh von Ende, a pupil of 

Carl Halir. 

Studio : 

No. 22^ Tremper Avenue, 

Lessons, One Dollar 



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